“Male Friendship in Chinese Literature & Related Topics”



Male Friendship

Henry, Eric. “The Motif of Recognition in Early China.”Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 47 (1987) 1-30.

Kutcher, Norman. “The Fifth Relationship: Dangerous Friendships in the Confucian Context.”American Historical Review 105.5 (Dec., 2000) 1615-1629.

Mann, Susan. “The Male Bond in Chinese History and Culture.” American Historical Review 105.5 (Dec., 2000) 1600-1614.

Mather, Richard B. “ Hsieh T’iao’s ‘Poetic Essay Requiting a Kindness’ (Ch’ou Te Fu)” Journal of the American Oriental Society 110 (1990) 603-615.

McDermott, Joseph P. “Friendship and Its Friends in the Late Ming,” In Institute of Modern History, Academia Sinica, Family Process and Political Process in Modern Chinese History 1: 67-96.

Masculinity & Gender Studies (Back to top)

Connery, Christopher Leigh. The Empire of the Text: Writing and Authority in Early Imperial China.Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 1998.

Edwards, Louise. Men and Women in Qing China:>Gender in The Red Chamber Dream.Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1994

Epstein, Maram.Competing discourses: orthodoxy, authenticity, and engendered meanings in late Imperial Chinese fiction. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001.

Huang, Martin W. Literati and Self-Re/Presentation: Autobiographical Sensibility in the Eighteenth-Century Novel.Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1995.

Louie, Kam. Theorizing Chinese Masculinity: Society and Gender in China.Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

McMahon, Keith. Misers, Shrews, and Polygamists: Sexuality and Male-Female Relations in Eighteenth-Century Chinese Fiction. Durham: Duke University Press, 1995.

Rouzer, Paul. Articulated Ladies: Gender and the Male Community in Early Chinese Texts. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center for the Harvard-Yenching Institute, 2001.

Song, Geng. The Fragile Scholar: Power and Masculinity in Chinese Culture. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 2004.

Zhou, Zuyan.Androgyny in Late Ming and Early Qing Literature. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2003.

Homosexuality (Back to top)

Hinsch, Bret. Passions of the Cut Sleeve: The Male Homosexual Tradition in China. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990.

Vitiello, Giovanni. “The Dragon’s Whim: Ming and Qing Homoerotic Tales from The Cut Sleeve.”T’oung Pao 78 (1992) 341-372.

Vitiello, Giovanni. “Exemplary Sodomites: Chivalry and Love in Late Ming Culture.” Nan Nü: Men, Women and Gender in Early and Imperial China 2.2 (2000) 207-58.

Volpp, Sophie. “The Discourse on Male Marriage: Li Yu’s ‘A Male Mencius’s Mother.’” Positions 2.1 (Spring 1994) 113-32.

McMahon, Keith. “Sublime Love and the Ethics of Equality in a Homoerotic Novel of the Nineteenth Century: Precious Mirror of Boy Actresses.” Nan Nü: Men, Women and Gender in Early and Imperial China 4.1 (2002) 70-109.

Romance of the Three Kingdoms (Back to top)

Besio, Kimberly. “Enacting Loyalty: History and Theatricality in “The Peach Orchard Pledge.”CHINOPERL Papers 18 (1995) 61-81.

Besio, Kimberly. “Zhang Fei in Yuan Vernacular Literature: Legend, Heroism, and History in the Reproduction of the Three Kingdoms Story Cycle.” Journal of Sung-Yuan Studies 27 (1997) 63-98.

Chang Hsueh-lun, Shelly. History and Legend: Ideas and Images in Ming Historical Novels. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1990.

Henry, Eric. "Chu-ko Liang in The Eyes of His Contemporaries." Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies, Vol. 52, No. 2. (Dec., 1992), pp. 589-612.

 Hsia C.T. The Classic Chinese Novel. New York: Columbia University Press, 1968.

 King, Gail Oman. “A Few textual Notes Regarding Guan Suo and the Sanguo yanyi.” Chinese Literature: Essays, Articles and Reviews, 9 (1987), pp.89-92.

 King, Gail Oman, trans The Story of Hua Guan Suo. Tempe: Arizona State University Center for Asian Studies, 1989.

 Mclaren, Anne Elizabeth. “Chantefables and the Textual Evolution of the San-kuo-chih Yen-iT’oung Pao, 71 (1985), pp. 159-227.

 Mclaren, Anne Elizabeth. "Ming Audiences and Vernacular Hermeneutics: The Uses of the Romance of the Three Kingdoms." T’oung Pao, 81 (1995), pp. 51-80.

 Plaks, Andrew H. The Four Masterworks of the Ming Novel. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1987.

 Roberts, Moss trans. Three Kingdoms: A Historical Novel. Berkeley : University California Press, 1991.

 Rolston, David L. ed. How to Read the Chinese Novel. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990.

 Ruhlmann, Robert. “Traditional Heroes in Chinese Popular Fcition.” In Arthur Wright, ed. The Confucian Persuasion. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1960, pp. 141-176.

Yang, Winston L.Y. “The Literary Transformation of Historical Figures in the San-kuo chih yen-I: A Study of the Use of the San-guo chih as a source of San-kuo chih yen-i.” In Winston Yang and Curtis Adkins, ed. Critical Essays on Chinese Fiction. Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press, 1980, pp.47-84.

 Yang, Winston L.Y. “From History to Fiction—the Popular Image of Kuan Yu.” Renditions 15 (Spring 1981) pp. 67-79.

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